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Fusion basics

Over ninety per cent of the world’s energy requirements is covered today by fossil energy sources. The reliability of present supplies readily obscures the fact that the climate problem, limited fuel resources, and political instability call in the long run for a new energy system.

The situation is aggravated by the increasing energy requirements in developing countries and the rapidly growing world population. Even though the industrial countries succeed in achieving large-scale saving of energy, requirements will rise world-wide.

The amount of economically efficient energy sources capable of replacing coal, oil, and gas is, however, very limited: Besides nuclear fission and solar energy there is the third possibility of fusion.

Energy and systems studies in the context of the European Fusion Programme are investigating possible developments of the energy system.

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