As in the tokamak, hydrogen gas is admitted to the empty vessel just before the discharge. The plasma, however, is produced not by induction of a peripheral voltage and the ensuing plasma current, but by beaming in high-frequency electromagnetic waves or by neutral particle injection. The high-frequency waves accelerate and heat the electrons in the hydrogen gas or in the evolving plasma, where they then completely ionise the gas through collisions.
As the slow and controlled current build-up occurring in the tokamak is absent, the initial phase of the discharge is governed solely by the density build-up, so that the flat-top phase so crucial for plasma experiments is quickly reached. It is the heating time alone that determines the end of the discharge, thus making steady-state operation possible in principle.