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Instruments for Plasma Diagnostics

Some diagnostic instruments that are set-up and run by the division for Stellarator Edge and Divertor Physics


Langmuir probes

The Langmuir probes are instruments for measuring the electron density and temperature at the plasma edge, by measuring a current from the plasma at varying voltages (U=+/-200 V, I=+/-1A).

Langmuir-probes, top array (protective element removed) Zoom Image
Langmuir-probes, top array (protective element removed)

Each Langmuir probe consists of a cylindrical graphite tip of diameter approx. 0.9 mm. A thin ceramics tube insulates the tip against the outer metal shield. After assemply of the graphite tiles, some probes end flat at a tile surface, others stick out of the tile by about 1 mm (see lower picture).

Langmuir probes, top and bottom array, with graphite tiles installed. Zoom Image
Langmuir probes, top and bottom array, with graphite tiles installed.

After three months of W7-X operation, slight changes in the tile color are observed at areas that were preferentially hit by the hot plasma. Besides that, the tile and the Langmuir probes are undamaged.

W7-X limiter tiles with an array of Langmuir probes after the first phase of plasma operation ('OP1.1'). Zoom Image
W7-X limiter tiles with an array of Langmuir probes after the first phase of plasma operation ('OP1.1'). [less]
 
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