The planning work was completed in mid-2001. Agreement was reached in June 2005 to site the experiment at Cadarache in the south of France. The agreement to establish the international ITER Organisation was signed in Paris on 21 November 2006. After ratification by the governments of the partners the ITER Agreement became effective on 24 October 2007.
Preparation of the Cadarache site commenced in January 2007. This phase of the over 100-acre site lasted till April 2009; it was then ready to house the buildings and laboratories of the ITER project. The first batch of concrete flowed in 2010; construction and and production of machine components is meanwhile in full swing. Europe will meet 45 percent of the building costs, the remainder being equally shared met by the other six partners.
The first plasma in ITER is scheduled for the year 2025. About 1000 scientists, engineers, and technicians will then work on the device for some 20 years.
|Total radius||10,7 metres|
|Hight (overall)||30 metres|
|Plasma radius||6,2 metres|
|Plasma volume||837 cubic metres|
|Plasma quantity||0,5 grams|
|Plasma mixture||hydrogen, deuterium, tritium|
|Magnetic field||5,3 tesla|
|Max. plasma current||15 megamperes|
|Heating power and current drive
|Mean plasma temperature||100 million degrees|
||> 400 seconds|